Georgia’s landscape is largely mountainous, the Great Caucasus Mountain Range spans all along its northern border with Russia. On Georgia’s eastern coast of the Black Sea is fertile Colchis ancient lowland, known to the Romans as the kingdom of Medea and the Golden Fleece, the destination of the Argonauts. The Far East part of the country is occupied by semi-deserts. Georgia can boast for large numbers of territories with untouched and wild landscapes, as well as beautiful forests and natural monuments.
The capital and the largest city of Georgia is Tbilisi. Big cities and towns of Georgia include Kutaisi, Batumi, Sokhumi, Poti, Zugdidi, Gori, Rustavi and Telavi.
Georgia’s total territory covers 69,700 square kilometers and the population amounts 3.720.4 people.
The official language is Georgian and national currency – Georgian Lari (₾/GEL).
The native name of Georgia is “Sakartvelo”.
A large majority of Georgia’s population (83.9% in 2002) practices Orthodox Christianity.
Situated at the strategically important crossroads, where Europe meets Asia, Georgia has always been of interest for multiple invaders. From the I century BC to the XVIII century AD the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Arabs, Mongols, Ottomans, and Russians have all tried to occupy this county, but none of them conquered Georgia completely and permanently.
An extremely complicated history has given Georgia a unique, ancient, diverse and wonderful cultural heritage, architecture and arts, from cave cities to ancient cathedrals, etc. and is famed for its traditions of hospitality and especially tasty cuisine.
High and extremely beautiful mountains, wild nature, numerous waterfalls, marvelous caves, semi-deserts, amazing sea shores, mineral waters, historical places and edifices, extremely delicious food and wine, etc. – Georgia has something to delight every traveler.
Visit this amazing country and get inspired!